Izalco is considered one of the youngest volcanoes in the world in that it erupted almost continuously for two centuries when in 1957 it stopped. With its almost perfect volcanic cone of loose rock and ash makes Izalco a favorite among hikers who will see, not only the rugged beauty, but be able to actually feel the heat and steam jets emitting from this geological wonder.
With an elevation of 1,950 meters above sea level this majestic sentinel has a diameter of 250 meters and still shows signs of activity and was once known as The Lighthouse of the Pacific by ancient sailors on their journey along Salvadoran coast line.
Santa Ana volcano, also known a Ilamatepec, is the tallest and one of the most active volcano in the country with more than 2,380 meters above sea level and is crowned with a massive crater and a beautiful sights to the surrounding volcanoes and valleys. Its last eruption was few years ago. Today the impressive crater that remains Santa Ana has five craters, one inside the other, and a depth of around 300 meters that leads to a barren sulfuric acid lagoon below.
Hikes normally takes 4 hours, total, starting from the top of Cerro Verde.
“Between October 5 and October 11, 2005, the Santa Ana (Ilamatepec) Volcano produced a series of eruptions consisting of small explosions, gas emissions, and low or moderate seismic activity. Local weather conditions prevented researchers from making ground- or satellite-based inspections of the volcano. An aerial inspection on October 11, however, showed no changes in the volcano’s crater.
Historical eruptions of Santa Ana include small-to-moderate explosive eruptions. The volcano’s prehistoric activity was more dramatic; collapse during the late Pleistocene or early Holocene caused an avalanche of debris that stormed all the way into the Pacific and formed the Acajutla Peninsula”.
Source: NASA Earth Observatory.